Tuesday, August 25, 2020

A career in graphic arts Essay Example For Students

A vocation in realistic expressions Essay A profession in visual communication is ideal for an imaginative person who has a feeling of plan. A visual fashioner is one who makes thoughts that are communicated in words as well as pictures, and for the most part takes care of issues of visual correspondence, says Paul Rand, an expert architect (23). Work in this calling is anticipated to increment 29% continuously 2006, which is the most elevated of any profession as per an investigation done by the American Institute of the Graphic Arts (3). A visual planner may work in an assortment of spots including an enormous firm or organization, a particular structure office, a magazine or paper, or even in his own home as an independent fashioner. There are hardly any particular necessities should have been associated with visual computerization. Nonetheless, there are comparative characteristics and characteristics that most fashioners by and large have, including preparing, information on explicit components, utilizing analysis emphatically, and a sharp eye for shading and equalization. The expense of being a visual architect should likewise be calculated in. Visual depiction is a lifelong that offers an imaginative outlet yet can be very upsetting, which is the reason fashioners must be agreeable and cooperate with other people. An able architect realizes how to utilize analysis decidedly. Regularly analysis is the thing that improves a bit of workmanship. Contingent upon the undertaking, work obligations may incorporate structuring and getting ready designs, outlining out thoughts, masterminding the materials required, or assembling the last picture. (By and large) ought to be able to be unconstrained and imaginative and function admirably under tension and unpleasant in circumstances. Try not to be a fashioner in the event that you worry without any problem! says Steve Jones (meet). By and large a planner has cutoff times which may not be haggled with his customers, and in this way he should work beneficially. There is likewise the drawback of making a picture that isn't acknowledged by the customer; the planner should then examine what's up with it and maybe begin once again. Any activity becomes innovative when the practitioner thinks about doing it right, or improving. (Borenstein) Certain customers leave the task totally open-finished and up to the architect, while others have a particular thought as a primary concern. It is significant for the creator to recall that he is making a bit of work for somebody elses preferring, and it may not be actually what he would do individually. Most customers, be that as it may, pick their architects by taking a gander at their portfolios or perceiving different pieces they have made. A customer ordinarily employs somebody with a style he likes. Different characteristics that an originator must have incorporate the capacity to make unique structures, information on organization, and meticulousness. Social abilities assume a significant job in the calling. While making a plan might be done freely, the last piece is generally introduced by the fashioner to another person. It isn't likely that best in class math will be utilized, however fundamental aptitudes, for example, including and taking away rapidly and precisely are important. There is likewise not a great deal of physical movement basic to the craftsman. Toward the finish of an undertaking, your cerebrum will feel like it just ran a long distance race. (Anderson) The measure of time it takes to make a bit of realistic workmanship relies upon the person. In the event that he is given a cutoff time, for example, the planner will utilize his time admirably and effectively to complete the venture. An originator regularly works from his home, which permits them to pick their own hours. An accomplished craftsman knows about their own style of making and completing a task. Some function admirably in an office setting, while others work all the more proficiently around evening time when it hushes up. .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 , .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .postImageUrl , .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .focused content territory { min-stature: 80px; position: relative; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 , .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28:hover , .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28:visited , .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28:active { border:0!important; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 { show: square; change: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-progress: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; obscurity: 1; progress: murkiness 250ms; webkit-change: mistiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28:active , .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28:hover { darkness: 1; change: haziness 250ms; webkit-change: mistiness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .focused content region { width: 100%; position: relati ve; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .ctaText { outskirt base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: intense; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; text-enhancement: underline; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; fringe: none; fringe sweep: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; textual style weight: striking; line-tallness: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; text-adjust: focus; text-improvement: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/modules/intelly-related-posts/resources/pictures/straightforward arrow.png)no-rehash; position: total; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .ud986d1dbb9d355 5d0cb5f243fdbdbf28 .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .ud986d1dbb9d3555d0cb5f243fdbdbf28:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Beowulf And King Arthur Essay Due to the varieties in styles and people, a visual creator by and large goes through around 25-50 hours seven days taking a shot at ventures. Planning to be an expert visual planner can change contingent upon how much experience is wanted by the person. By and large, the base measure of instruction is somewhere in the range of two and four years of preparing in either compelling artwork or structure. Many decide to go to a general college to begin with and regularly move to a particular workmanship or configuration school. Secondary school understudies are not expected to take classes explicitly in visual computerization, yet propelled workmanship classes will help them later on. An essential four-year secondary school educational plan (English, math, science, and history) is all that is required to have been taken by a secondary school understudy; notwithstanding, school preliminary classes are advantageous. Since the interest for originators is rapidly expanding, getting a new line of work after cutting edge preparing is very straightforward. Managers will search for those with a solid foundation, experience, and a huge portfolio. A planner may have a characteristic capacity to make a phenomenal bit of structure; for this situation a ton of preparing isn't essential. Consequently, understudies who wish to look for some kind of employment at the earliest opportunity should investigate going to a workmanship school after they move on from secondary school. Visual communication expects one to have information and involvement with working with pictures and type. Typography is the term used to portray the utilization of words and type to pass on a message (Perfect). One who has a smart feeling of configuration knows about how to join shading with type and picture to make an accentuation where required. It is imperative to have the option to get on to things rapidly. A solid jargon will be to the fashioners advantage, in light of the fact that as a rule words are utilized as the primary center; any incorrect spellings would not be the customers deficiency. When taking a gander at commercials in magazines, for instance, the ones that grab the attention have a decent equalization of picture and type; there isn't a lot of either. PCs are rapidly turning into the most well known apparatus for joining picture and type. The materials required in visual depiction can be very costly, however the last item will be justified, despite all the trouble. As any craftsman knows, the expense of provisions includes quick. The image(s) can either be taken from a photo, a sketch, a work of art, or some other kind of craftsmanship. There is likewise the requirement for access to a PC, scanner, and printer. PC programs that are explicitly intended for the realistic expressions can be very expensive, for example, Photoshop (about $600). So as to create a pleasant bit of work, these materials are essential. Other PC programs incorporate Quark, Adobe Illustrator, and Corel Draw. So as to be a main originator later on, people in the calling must be able to think of unique and one of a kind thoughts. One who appreciates getting ready formats for school ventures or orchestrating workmanship into a last arrangement would exceed expectations in the visual communication field. Not anybody can be a visual fashioner; just the individuals who acknowledge duty and have a characteristic capacity in configuration will appreciate this vocation. Current creators will be the pioneers of the following thousand years and will deliver the plans that will be seen for a considerable length of time to come. The open doors as a visual craftsman are endless.Bibliography:paul rand american foundation of the realistic expressions

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Development of Jig in “Hills Like White Elephants”

In Hemingway’s â€Å"Hills Like White Elephants,† Jig experiences a change empowering her to acknowledge and proclaim her own emotions. At the story’s starting Jig is aloof, ignorant of her own emotions, and prone to look to the American heading. She before long comes to understand her own wants and battles to advocate for herself just because. The story is organized around the different sides of the valley, the division representing the restriction between the American’s esteems and Jig’s. The different sides of the valley of the Ebro speak to two different ways of life, one a sterile propagation of the capricious debauchery the couple have been seeking after, the other an investment in life in its full common sense† (Renner, 32). On one side are the qualities related with premature birth, and on the other are the qualities related with having the kid. â€Å"In this setting, at that point, Hemingway works out the story’s strife, which spins around the advancement of his female character† (28).The exchange among Jig and the American about slopes and beverages â€Å"is in reality a verbalized however definitive battle about whether they keep on living the clean, liberal, wanton life favored by [the American] or choose to have the kid that Jig is conveying and settle down to an ordinary at the same time, in Jig’s see, fulfilling, productive, and serene life† (Holladay, 1).The American contends unyieldingly for the premature birth while Jig, being familiar with doing what he needs, â€Å"has not yet built up the instrument to realize what she needs, substantially less to explain it. Subsequently she can't frankly challenge her companion’s encouraging, however not one or the other, due to what is in question for this situation, would she be able to smother her own feelings† (Renner, 29). Up until this point the American has been the pioneer of the couple’s relationship, dealin g with their coexistence in a way predictable with his own desires.At the start of the story, the couple is sitting at a table on one side of the station, â€Å"facing out toward the slopes on a similar side of the valley,† the side â€Å"associated with the fruitlessness and sterility both of the ramifications of proceeding with a premature birth and of the present condition of the couple’s relationship† (Renner, 30). Dance takes a gander at the slopes on this side of the station, taking note of that they look like white elephants.A trinket, in a North American social setting, â€Å"is an uncommon and hallowed animal, yet in addition a representation for a costly and difficult property†¦the trouble at issue in this story is the unborn child† (Link, 67). The American reacts that he has never observed a trinket. â€Å"No, you wouldn’t have,† Jig answers. â€Å"To Jig, the unborn youngster she conveys is prominently, horrendously genuine ; to the American it is an idea, a deliberation, and excessively costly to keep† (Wyche, 59). Dance proceeds to state, â€Å"That’s everything we do, isn’t it †take a gander at things and attempt new beverages? This announcement expresses â€Å"an expanding familiarity with the vacancy of the couple’s way of life to date† (60). Dance stands up and strolls to the opposite finish of the station, â€Å"effectively [distancing] herself from the impact of her male friend and [enabling] herself, clearly just because, to acknowledge what is in her own mind† (Renner, 32). She is currently ready to see the opposite side of the valley, â€Å"the fields of grain and trees along the banks of the Ebro,† and the waterway, which are illustrative of the qualities related with having the child.Jig rejoins the American at the table, by and by confronting the â€Å"the slopes on the dry side of the valley. † She attempts to persuade the Amer ican that her pregnancy could be important for them, and that they could coexist even with a youngster. The American â€Å"resumes his twofold talk, guaranteeing her that he will oblige what she needs while determinedly constraining her to do what he wants† (Renner, 33). Pushed to her limit, Jig at last â€Å"explodes with genuine inclination. Despite the fact that she despite everything doesn't state in direct terms her inclination that there can be more to life than their random debauchery, she†¦. vidently for the first time†¦[asserts] herself transparently against the American† (33). â€Å"Would you please quit talking? † Jig no longer needs to hear what the American needs to state, showing her â€Å"increasing awareness†¦of the man’s egotistical and shaky inspiration for seeking after the abortion† (Rankin, 235). She is opposing both â€Å"what he needs for their relationship and the bad faith of his endeavors to convince herâ⠂¬  (Renner, 33), as she understands it is the â€Å"unencumbered sexual playhouse† that the American is childishly attempting to hold. The American takes conveys their sacks to the opposite side of the station, and upon his arrival inquires as to whether she can finally relax. â€Å"I feel fine,† she reacts. â€Å"There’s nothing amiss with me. I feel fine. † â€Å"The supreme straightforwardness of the last line, a line that by chance concurs with Jig’s own emotional epiphany† (Rankin, 234) may well â€Å"imply her acknowledgment that there is a major issue with her companion† (Renner, 40).By the finish of the story, â€Å"the connection among Jig and the American has been adequately destroyed† (Wyche, 70). Notwithstanding, â€Å"we see the consequence of her advancement toward self-acknowledgment: the hesitant and still to some degree angry capitulation of her male companion† (Renner, 28). When the â€Å"stereotypic al detached female, not in any case realizing her own mind,† Jig gets herself not, at this point ready to â€Å"drift along in careless accompaniment† (37) and breaks liberated from her molded respect to state her own sentiments to the American.

Friday, July 31, 2020

What Hemingway, Twain and King Can Teach Us About Blogging

What Hemingway, Twain and King Can Teach Us About Blogging Writing a blog post is not the same as writing a Great American Novel, yet some of the best writing advice ever shared applies as much to blogging as it does to other literary genres. Read on to find out what acclaimed authors such as Ernest Hemingway, Mark Twain and Stephen King can teach us all about good writing: Photo: Ernest Hemingway on his typewriter All you have to do is write one true sentence. Write the truest sentence that you know.Ernest Hemingway The hardest part of writing an article is often getting started. Writer’s block isn’t some made-up condition authors use to hide laziness; it’s a common problem that most people in creative professions suffer from on occasion. The American novelist and Nobel prize winner Ernest Hemingway found a great way to deal with this issue. He would calmly remind himself that he had always managed to write and that he could do so again â€" all he needed to do was to start with one true sentence that he either knew or had seen or heard someone say. The first draft of everything is shit.Ernest Hemingway Hemingway’s words are harsh but honest. Professional writers know that there’s hardly such a thing as getting it “right” on the first try. Your first draft is merely a way to get your ideas on paper (or screen) and to help you see what it really is you want to say. Once you know for sure what that is, it’s time to rewrite. When you write a story, you’re telling yourself the story. When you rewrite, your main job is taking out all the things that are not the story.Stephen King King’s advice is as true for blog posts as it is for the countless works of fiction this best-selling author has produced in his life. Ernest Hemingway’s advice to “Write drunk, edit sober” reflects the same idea. What you  can do: After finishing the first draft of your blog post, read the text again and deliberately search for information that goes beyond the scope of the article or could potentially confuse your reader. I notice that you use plain, simple language, short words and brief sentences. That is the way to write English â€" it is the modern way and the best way. Stick to it; don’t let fluff and flowers and verbosity creep in.Mark Twain This advice comes from the man who wrote the Great American Novel ‘Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ and whose words ring particularly true in our time, where texts are being consumed on ever smaller screens by people who have less and less time for ‘fluff and flowers’. What you can do: Once you’ve trimmed down your text to what’s really important to your story, it’s time to look at what’s left and how you can improve it. Tip: Don’t try to force people into reading your article word for word. Most people on the internet are skimmers, and  if they cant find the information they’re looking for quickly, they will leave your page and move on. Accommodate skimmers by using the following best practices: Use short words and sentences Make important keywords stand out Use meaningful H2s to structure your article Add bulleted lists Use images to keep readers engaged You learn best by reading a lot and writing a lot.Stephen King Talent, an affinity for language, and the right motivation all play a role in your success as a writer. But like most things in life, writing is a skill that has to be acquired and practiced. You don’t have to get a PhD in English Literature to become a successful blogger, but you can learn a lot from the successes and failures of your peers, both in terms of style, format, and content. What you  can do: Make it a habit to follow bloggers who cover your niche and actively analyze their articles â€" particularly the ones that are getting the most attention. Are there any other great writing tips from famous authors that are missing in this post? Share them in the comments below! Brainstorm and outline blog posts visually See also: A Guide to Story Telling with Mind Maps

Friday, May 22, 2020

Essay Catoon Violence - 1043 Words

Cartoon Violence nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In the cartoon, All Dogs Go to Heaven, the main character, a dog, dies. When he arrives in heaven, he receives a watch that allows him to return to earth. After viewing this scene, Matthew, a five-year old boy, asked his mother when his dog would get her watch. Matthews dog passed away over a year ago, but because Matthew, as well as other children, is unable to separate real life from fiction; he believed that his dog would receive a watch and return to him. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Many types of violence are viewed in cartoons and because they are centered on the interest of children, children are at great risk of mimicking the actions and attitudes the characters portray.†¦show more content†¦The plot of this cartoon is to stop Scar from taking over the kingdom. Simba returns from running away after the death of his father, King Mufasa, to learn that his uncle has taken control of the kingdom. In his effort to take the control back, Scar reveals that he is the one who killed King Mufasa, not Simba. Outraged in anger Simba puts Scar into exile. However, Scar does not want to leave, but instead fights Simba for the thrown. It seems this cartoon leads a child to think that if he/she wants something, then he/she needs to involve fighting and violence. quot;The Lion Kingquot; also shows Scars enemies, the hyenas, attacking him because he betrays them. When children watch this cartoon, they may mimic what they see. Children should l earn to be verbal instead of physical when resolving their problems. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; quot;Forty-six percent of all television violence takes place in childrens cartoons. Childrens programs are least likely to depict the long-term consequences of violence (five percent) and they portray violence in a humorous fashion sixty-seven percent of the timequot; (Baby Bag Online). nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;quot;Gargoylesquot; appear to be a non-violent and an appropriate cartoon for children when the cartoon first starts by telling the audience the setting. For example, this cartoon takes place in Manhattan, New York where the Gargoyles turn into stone because a spell cast uponShow MoreRelatedCartoons and Children693 Words   |  3 Pagesleisure time, so they like to watch cartoons on the television rather than to do any physical activities. Cartoon watching affects the attittute and behavior of kids i.e. their liking and disliking, way of talking and behaving with other children. Catoon viewing is the most favourite channel in the world. Typically children begin watching cartoons on TV at an early age of six monts and by the age of two to three children becomes enthusiastic viwers. This has become a problem because too many children

Sunday, May 10, 2020

High School Internet Censorship Essay - 1019 Words

High School Internet Censorship The common image that comes to mind on the topic of censorship is that of book burning. Dating back to ancient times, the easiest way to deal with unwanted writings has been to get rid of them, usually by heaping them into a blazing pyre. In his most famous science fiction novel, Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury warns of a futuristic society where all literature is destroyed under a kerosene flame and the citizens freedoms are kept in check by the lack of written information. In fear of this kind of totalitarianism, many bibliophiles have fought against all manners of censorship, wielding the first amendment and the rights recognized by our fore-fathers. But with the technological advances of this the†¦show more content†¦While elementary and middle schools have obvious needs for restrictions, Internet access at the high school level isnt as black and white. High school students are sensitive to their given rights, yet are officially minors under the law; teenagers are ever near ing adulthood, but are sometimes viewed as immature. So, high school administrators are challenged with designing an Internet policy that meets the educational needs of the students and the moral demands of society. Although software is being designed to censor the content of the Internet, student trust and responsibility might be a more reasonable route. One of the two main technical solutions to the content problem is monitoring. Students may be informally monitored by teachers or administrators in the area of the computer. However, teachers cannot be continually policing computer labs or libraries with their previous classroom commitment. Also, too much of this type of looking over the shoulder can turn to questions of an unconstitutional invasion of privacy. Most web browsers keep a short list of sites that have been accessed, allowing a quick inventory for violations. The biggest problem with this kind of monitoring is that it shows what was viewed and when, but not who did the viewing, making disciplinary actions almost impossible. Certain software can actually monitor every action on a given computer, including programsShow MoreRelatedEssay on Theme of Censorship in Bradburys Fahrenheit 4511669 Words   |  7 Pages Congress shall make no law...abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press (U.S. Constitution). Throughout the ages, censorship has shown up in various forms ranging from printed works to television and the Internet. It can have the positive effect of protecting children from things they are too immature to view, but it can also have negative effects. Censorship may even suppress new and different ideas, keeping them from being made public. It may also set limitations, which stifle the creativityRead MoreEssay on Brown Vs. Board of Education1458 Words   |  6 Pages Congress shall make no law...abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press (U.S. Constitution). Throughout the ages, censorship has shown up in various forms ranging from printed works to television and the Internet. It can have the positive effect of protecting children from things they are too immature to view, but it can also have negative effects. Censorship may even suppress new and different ideas, keeping t hem from being made public. It may also set limitations, which stifle the creativityRead MoreInternet Censorship Essay example968 Words   |  4 PagesInternet is one of the most powerful means of communication in the history of humankind. It brings people together and has potential sources of information as well as entertainment. Besides, it has a lot of dangers and harms for the users (especially for children). In Australia, the idea of ‘internet censorship’ began since 2003 by the Australia’s prominent think tank when researched about online habit of Australian teenagers and the dangers related to internet. This essay will discuss about theRead More The Controversy Around Banning Books Essay852 Words   |  4 Pages The subject of censorship is a very controversial one, especially the banning of books. Many people believe they must protect themselves and others from the quot;evilsquot; of many classic books and works of art because they can be deemed quot;in decentquot; in one way or another. Many believe that this is absurd and censorship in its current form is a violation of our First Amendment right to free speech. Personally, I align myself with the latter, however I do feel there are occasions whereRead MoreThe Controversy Around Banning Books889 Words   |  4 PagesThe subject of censorship is a very controversial one, especially the banning of books. Many people believe they must protect themselves and others from the evils of many classic books and works of art because they can be deemed indecent in one way or another. Many believe that this is absurd and censorship in its current form is a violation of our First Amendment right to free speech. Personally, I align myself with the latter, however I do feel there are occasions where censorship is justifiableRead MoreCensorship in the US Essay1136 Words   |  5 Pagestheir children view indecencies on the Internet and television, and the government should control the obscenitie s on the Internet. Others believe that it is the parent’s responsibility to control and censor what their children are watching on the Internet and television. Censorship is the suppression of publishing information on the Internet or television (Naik). The government blocks only the content that is proved to be unfit for the public. Censorship is only used to a certain extent in theRead More Internet Censorship Essay example1506 Words   |  7 PagesCensorship of the Internet   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  We should demand that all public schools and libraries install and configure Internet Filters. This statement shows how Jeffery Pollock, a candidate for the 3rd Congressional District seat in Oregon, views the Internet. Unfortunately for him, the one thing that he ranted and raved about was the one thing that gave him an unfair disadvantage in the in the upcoming elections. (Blind Ballots) Cyber Patrol, One of the leading Internet censoring companies and isRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of Internet Censorship1042 Words   |  5 PagesCensorship comes in many forms and for a lot of different reasons but when it comes to the internet, for the most part it is beneficial. It can provide security for sensitive material. The things that minors are exposed to can be limited. Also you can make sure that it is not used to cause chaos. Furthermore it would seem to be a beneficial part of online life. It can provide security for important documents and conversations. Internet censorship can help with cyber security when important informationRead MoreEssay on Internet Censorship1038 Words   |  5 PagesInternet Censorship You are at work and the phone rings. It is the school principal from the high school your daughter attends. He politely tells you that your daughter is being suspended from school and asks that you please come pick her up. After digging a little deeper, you find out that she is being punished for posting to the internet, a book report based writings of James Joyce. The reason for the suspension is not because the material was plagiarized, but because the content of the materialRead More Freedom of Expression Essay1331 Words   |  6 PagesAmendment of the US Constitution concerns freedom of expression. Some Americans, such as the Libertarians, feel there should be no censorship. On the other end of the spectrum are more conservative people, many religious, who believe there should be strict limits on what can be published. Most people would agree it is a bad idea to publish or put on the Internet the plans for homemade bombs, biological weapons, or other devices which may be used to kill or maim someone. But in the name of freedom

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cannabis and Marijuana Plants Free Essays

string(45) " drug of choice because of its availability\." Marijuana Marijuana is a psychoactive drug, and is the most controversial of these types of drugs. The reason being is that there are so many myths and misconceptions that surround marijuana. It is not clear about the addiction potential, physical and psychological problems of marijuana. We will write a custom essay sample on Cannabis and Marijuana Plants or any similar topic only for you Order Now . Marijuana is the third most popular recreational drug in America behind only alcohol and tobacco, and has been used by nearly 100 million Americans (marijuana). Marijuana is widely used and it is estimated that nearly 25% of Americans have used marijuana once in their lives and that 2-5 million people use it daily despite it being illegal. Marijuana is a mixture of crushed leaves, flowers, small branches, stems, and seed of the hemp plant. This plant grows best in tropical climates and can be found throughout the world. Most countries cultivate this plant on purpose. Cannabis Indica species can withstand colder climates (â€Å"Marijuana, history of,†) If marijuana were to become a cash crop it would be the largest grown in the United States. It is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world, following caffeine, nicotine, and alcoholic beverages in the popularity. In the United States, where the route of admission is usually smoking, it also has been called weed, grass, pot, or reefer (â€Å"Marijuana, history of,†). Marijuana is a depressant. The effects of marijuana may vary with its strength and dosage and with the state of mind of the user. High doses can cause tachycardia, paranoia, and delusions (â€Å"Marijuana, history of,†). Marijuana can also have a psychedelic effect in high doses. With this being said, marijuana is classified as both a depressant and a psychedelic. Marijuana does produce some of the same effects as hallucinogens like a LSD or mescaline, but it differs chemically and pharmacologically. Marijuana is made up of many chemicals. There are currently 426 known compounds in the plant. When marijuana is burned there are 1500 additional compounds that are formed. The chemical compounds that are found in marijuana only are called cannabinoids. These cannabinoids are the most active and mind-altering ingredients in marijuana. The primary active component of marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), although other cannabin derivatives are also thought to be intoxicating. In 1988 scientists discovered receptors that bind THC on the membranes of nerve cells. They reasoned that the body must make its own THC-like substance. The substance, named anandamide, was isolated from pig brains in 1992 by an American pharmacologist, William A. Devane (â€Å"Marijuana, history of,†). The potency of marijuana is determined by the amount of THC present. All the parts of the plant have different concentrations of THC. So the mixture of the plant material used and the conditions of how the plant was grown determines the potency of this drug sold on the street. The root of this plant has no THC value, the stalk have very little value, there is some THC found in the branches, there is a moderate amount of THC found in the leaves(male has 5 leaves and female has 7 leaves), and the highest amount of THC concentration will be found in the buds, flowers and seeds. The concentration of THC has increased over the past 30 years. Marijuana is 25 to 40 times more potent than it was in the 1960’s, it’s up from . 2% to 5-8% pure today. Marijuana dates back to 2700 B. C. in ancient China. The plant was used to make rope, cloth, and paper from its fiber. It was during this time that the resins, flowers, and leaves from the plant could also be used for medical use. It was used to treat gout, malaria, and gas pains. It was by 500 B. C. that the Chinese put a ban of the use of the plant because of it unpredictable intoxicating effects. Marijuana was introduced into ancient India mainly for the mind altering effects. Marijuana was used in religious ceremonies the euphoria producing ability. It didn’t take long for the plant to be recognized for its intoxicating effects and its value in making rope and cloth. In America the public didn’t show any interest in marijuana as a recreational drug. It was just used in medicines. It was primarily prescribed legally for a numerous physical and mental aliments until 1940. In fact when Congress passed the Harrison Narcotics Act in 1914, many drugs were removed from the marketplace, but it excluded marijuana. It was not until the prohibition of alcohol that marijuana smoking became prominent. The Mexican immigrants were introducing marijuana along the Mexican border, while West Indian sailors were bringing it into the Gulf States. People no longer could legally use alcohol in and get their intoxicating effects so smoking marijuana became very popular. It became apparent in the 1930’s that marijuana was being abused and there was an increase in violence because of its use. Tales were beginning to spread of the effects, murder, rape, sexual excess, and memory loss from using marijuana. The federal government tried to scare the public with a film called â€Å"reefer madness†, but it actually did more harm than good. In 1935 the states took action and started passing their own laws towards non-medical use of marijuana. In 1937 the federal government stepped up and passed a Marijuana Tax Act that prohibited the use of all non-medical marijuana, the possession and use of cannabis nationwide. Marijuana came back on the scene during the World War II era. It was extensively cultivated during the World War II era, when Asian sources of hemp were cut off (â€Å"Marijuana, history of,†). It was commercially grown. The Philippines were being invaded by the Japanese so there was no sisal plant to make rope. American farmers were actually encouraged to the marijuana plants for rope production. Birds loved the seeds of this plant and when they would leave their droppings it would start wild plants of marijuana to grow throughout the United States. Marijuana became a very popular drug of choice because of its availability. You read "Cannabis and Marijuana Plants" in category "Papers" Today marijuana is a widely used illegal drug among many ethnic groups. Hispanics are among 9. 2 percent of users; non-Hispanic blacks (7. 7% , nearly 8 percent of females used marijuana in the past year vs. 14% of males used in the past year); non-Hispanic whites (6. 7%, nearly 7 percent vs. 11 percent); Asian/Pacific Islanders (2. 0%, 2% vs. 7. %); South Americans (4. 2%, more than 4% vs. 13 percent). It can be found on the street for a price of $250-500 ounce depending on where it is bought. The cheapest is in Oregon at $258 ounce and most expensive in Washington D. C. at $486 ounce. Age itself is one of the most significant variables in understanding marijuana use. Past-year use of marijuana increased with age, to a peak prevalence of about 23 percent among 18 -25 year olds, before declining to about 44 percent among persons aged 35 and older. Among adults, male smoking rates for marijuana are nearly twice those for females. IN the total surveyed population, males were about 70% more likely than females to have used marijuana in the past year (11 percent versus 6. 7, nearly 7 percent). The only exception to the data showing more male smokers of marijuana than females occurs among children and teens. There still remains controversy over the medical uses of marijuana. Proponents are saying that it is useful for treating pain and the nausea and vomiting that are side effects of cancer chemotherapy and for restoring the appetite in people with AIDS (â€Å"Marijuana, history of,†) Modern research uggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief-in particular (neuropathic pain), nausea, plasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant, specifically for patients suffering from HIV, the AIDS wasting syndrome, or dementia (Marijuana). What are the acute effects of marijuana? Marijuana ca n reach the brain through the bloodstream in less than 30 seconds of smoking a joint. It delivers a physical and psychological effect rather quickly. The peak of the effects is usually reached by the time smoking is finished. If a person wants these effects to last longer they would have to consume the marijuana orally from brownies for example. This would allow the marijuana to be absorbed into the system much longer and these effects would last over 2-3 hours. It only takes a single use of marijuana to impair a person’s motor coordination. The person who just used marijuana may think that they are just fine, but they are really clumsy. This kind of thinking from a person under the influence only spells disaster waiting to happen. A person under the influence of marijuana and their ability to follow a moving stimulus is greatly diminished and can last up to 4-8 hours beyond the point of intoxication. This would interfere with their driving skills. Also their ability to perceive light will be significantly impaired and would be a major risk for someone operating heavy machinery. Marijuana has some serious physical effects on a person. Although legalization activists and many marijuana users believe smoking pot has no negative effects, scientific research indicates that marijuana use can cause many different health problems (The health effects of marijuana, n. . ) . Smoking a single joint of marijuana is the equivalent of smoking 15 cigarettes. Marijuana has at least 50% more tar and carcinogenic materials than cigarettes. Because marijuana is not filtered it enters the lungs at a temperature hotter than cigarette smoke and thus drying and irritating the tissues in the lung. Marijuana has been shown to increase the heart rate. Within a few minutes after smoking marijuana, the heart begins beating more rapidly and the blood pressure drops. Marijuana can cause the heart beat to increase by 20 to 50 beats per minute, and can increase even more if other drugs are used at the same time (The health effects of marijuana, n. d. ) It is because of the lower blood pressure and higher heart rate that the researchers have found that a person smoking marijuana has a 4 times greater risk of heart attack compared to them not smoking marijuana. If a person is aware that they have heart disease they should avoid the use of marijuana. Marijuana can hurt the immune system of a person’s lungs. Smoking marijuana can paralyze or destroy the anti-infection white blood cells of the lungs. It is because of this that most smokers will develop laryngitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, cough, hoarseness, and dry throat. Research indicates that THC impairs the body’s immune system from fighting disease, which can cause a wide variety of health problems. One study found that marijuana actually inhibited the disease-preventing actions of key immune cell (The health effects of marijuana, n. d. ) . There have been recent studies that show marijuana can depress T cells. The depressing of T-lymphocyte functions known as â€Å"killer T cells† would make a person more susceptible to the AIDS infection. The greatest concern is the fact that marijuana is a drug. Some of the most profound effects occur in the brain. Marijuana produces a sense of euphoria, but it also produces anxiety, confusion and if used heavily-drug induced psychosis. Not to mention the effects on reflexes, vision, and motor coordination. Marijuana has effects on long-term memory, because studies suggest that marijuana will fill a synaptic gap between brain cells which stops the flow of electrical signals. Marijuana users experience burn-out or amotivational syndrome from regular use. They have a lack of concern for the future, loss of motivation, loss of ambition, loss of effectiveness, dullness, diminished ability to carry out long term planning, difficulty in concentration, intermittent confusion, impaired memory, and a decline in work and school performance. There are treatments for marijuana disorders. Marijuana dependence may appear to be very similar to other substance dependence disorders, but the long term clinical outcomes may be less severe. The adults who are seeking treatment for marijuana abuse or dependence have used marijuana nearly every day for more than 10 years and have attempted to quit more than six times (â€Å"Marijuana abuse,†). Let it be noted that marijuana dependence is most prevalent in patients that are suffering from other psychiatric disorders, who are mostly adolescents or young adults. Usually dependence in marijuana co-occurs with other drugs such as cocaine and alcohol. Studies indicate that effectively treating the mental health disorder with standard treatments involving medications and behavioral therapies may help reduce annabis use, particularly among heavy users and those with more chronic mental disorders. Behavioral treatments, such as motivational enhancement therapy (MET), group or individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and contingency management (CM), as well as family-based treatments, have shown promise (â€Å"Marijuana abuse,†). Success rates of those seeking t reatment are modest and even the most effective treatment for adults will only achieve 50% abstinence in a 2 week period. Those that do achieve a full two week abstinence, more than half will resume use within a year. Across studies, 1 year abstinence rates have ranged between q0 and 30 percent for the various behavioral approaches (â€Å"Marijuana abuse,†). This data suggest that a more chronic care model should be considered for marijuana addiction. The intensity of the treatment can be stepped up or down based on the patients need. The availability of family and other supports are needed. There are currently no medications to treat the abuse of marijuana, but there is ongoing research being conducted. The studies are mostly targeting the withdrawal syndrome of marijuana. For example, a recent human laboratory study showed that a combination of a cannabin agonist medication with loffexidine ( a medication approved in the United Kingdom for the treatment of opioid withdrawal) produced more robust improvements in sleep and decreased marijuana withdrawal, craving, and relapse in daily marijuana smokers relative to either medication alone(â€Å"Marijuana abuse,†). There have been recent discoveries about endogenous cannabin systems inner workings. It raises the possibility of a future medication that would be able to block THC’s intoxicating effects. This would prevent patients from relapsing by eliminating marijuana’s appeal. References Abbott, A. (2010). Alcohol tobacco and other drugs (2nd ed. ). Washington, DC: NASW Press. Colorado and washington legalized marijuana today, what happens now? (2012, November). Retrieved from http://blog. norml. org/2012/11/08/colorado-and-washington-legalized-marijuana-tuesday-what-happens-now/ Demographics of marijuana users. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://www. opposingviews. com/i/gov-t-stats-reveal-demographics-of-adult-marijuana-users Drug facts: marijuana. (n. d. ). Retrieved from How to cite Cannabis and Marijuana Plants, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

The Position Paper on Thomas Friedmans Speech

In his keynote address for MIT Milestone Celebration (2008), Thomas Friedman discusses the globalization processes in the world and associated changes in the communication, technology, work, social activities, and education while stating that the modern world is ‘flat’.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Position Paper on Thomas Friedman’s Speech specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More To understand the specific conditions for the world to become ‘flat’, Friedman uses the idea of a ‘flattener’ which contributes to the development of globalization in all its forms. Friedman determines four main flatteners which are the personal computer, Netscape, the workflow revolution, and uploading. Referring to these flatteners, Friedman states that the world has changed significantly in relation to creating, using, and sharing the digital content, and the flatteners play the significan t role in the process (Friedman, 2008). It is possible to agree with Friedman’s ideas on the role of a personal computer, use of browsers, uploading and manipulating the digital data for the world’s progress and changing the approaches to delivering and analyzing the content. Today, the content preserved in the digital form is the basic tool to perform a lot of actions because people upload, download, search for, and operate the digital data globally in order to complete different tasks. Analyzing the role of the digital content today, it is possible to agree with Friedman’s argument on the role of inventing the personal computer because the creation and delivery of the digital content became the reality only after working out the personal computer (Friedman, 2008). From this point, while discussing the role of the digital content in the world, its creation, development, and organization, it is necessary to refer to the personal computer as the basic tool to mak e the digital realty closer to each individual round the world. The next aspect which is important to be discussed is the possibility to share or deliver the digital content. In spite of the fact that the personal computer works to create the data, it is important to have the resources with the help of which individuals can share and find the content. That is why, it is appropriate to refer to Friedman’s discussion of the role of Netscape in the process. The creation of the universal communication platform and the invention of the browser allowed individuals to rely on the connectivity of the Internet (Friedman, 2008). Today, the idea of the content delivery is associated with every shared photograph and message the links to which can be also found with the help of a browser. That is why, it is almost impossible to reject the idea that Netscape played the revolutionary role in promoting the content delivery and different globalization processes.Advertising Looking for es say on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Friedman also discusses the concept of the workflow revolution as dependent on the progress of the computer technologies and Internet resources (Friedman, 2008). The possibility to share the digital data stimulates the global collaboration of people living in different countries. This idea can also be supported by those persons who or whose relatives and friends work to complete projects in association with the foreign business partners with the help of the Internet resources. From this point, Netscape or the great communication platforms to share the digital content are the key tools to stimulate globalization, the workflow revolution, and collaboration. Moreover, it is also possible to agree with Friedman in relation to the point that the next step is the green revolution because the processes should change according to the laws of the progress, and other revolutionary i deas should come. It is important to state that e-commerce and the performance within the global market and industries of numerous actors are the logical outcomes of the developed workflow revolution. The world can be discussed as open for each individual who has the Internet connection and who can operate the digital content. Furthermore, the labour market is also open for persons who are inclined to work abroad without leaving their home places. Thus, Friedman can be considered as right while stating that people not only share the digital content for free but they also collaborate with the help of personal computers, Netscape, and other web resources (Friedman, 2008). Moreover, while uploading files and digital data, people also become more open for the global community which could use this information often for free. As a result, Friedman’s conclusions about the ‘flat’ world and obscure boundaries between states and regions can be understood almost by everyone because these changes of the world are observed widely, and it is impossible to ignore the effects of the globalization associated with the technological development. The revolution associated with creating, developing, editing, sharing, and delivering the digital content led to the revolution in the people’s communication and job interactions. Furthermore, these changes contributed to the development of the globalization processes. In his speech for MIT Milestone Celebration, Thomas Friedman determines four flatteners, and it is possible to agree with the speaker that these factors played the key role in reforming the modern world because the results of the digital revolution are observed today widely.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Position Paper on Thomas Friedman’s Speech specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Friedman, Thomas. MIT Milestone Celebration: Keynote Address. 11 Jan. 200 8. Web. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcE2ufqtzyk. This essay on The Position Paper on Thomas Friedman’s Speech was written and submitted by user Giselle H. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.